Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) is a non-invasive modality to promote osteoblastic activity and tissue healing. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of LLLT for improvement of dental implant stability. This randomized controlled clinical trial was performed on 80 dental implants placed in 19 patients. Implants were randomly divided into two groups (n = 40). Seven sessions of LLLT (940 nm diode laser) were scheduled for the test group implants during 2 weeks. Laser was irradiated to the buccal and palatal sides. The same procedure was performed for the control group implants with laser hand piece in "off" mode. Implant stability was measured by Osstell Mentor device in implant stability quotient (ISQ) value immediately after surgery and 10 days and 3, 6, and 12 weeks later. Repeated measures ANOVA was used to compare the mean ISQ values (implant stability) in the test and control groups. Statistical test revealed no significant difference in the mean values of implant stability between the test and control groups over time (P = 0.557). Although the mean values of implant stability changed significantly in both groups over time (P < 0.05). Although the trend of reduction in stability was slower in the laser group in the first weeks and increased from the 6th to 12th week, LLLT had no significant effect on dental implant stability.
Keywords: Bone density; Bone formation; Implant stability; Low-level laser; Osteoblast.