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Motivating Participation in Open Science by Examining Researcher Incentives

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Motivating Participation in Open Science by Examining Researcher Incentives

Sarah E Ali-Khan et al. Elife.

Abstract

Support for open science is growing, but motivating researchers to participate in open science can be challenging. This in-depth qualitative study draws on interviews with researchers and staff at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital during the development of its open science policy. Using thematic content analysis, we explore attitudes toward open science, the motivations and disincentives to participate, the role of patients, and attitudes to the eschewal of intellectual property rights. To be successful, an open science policy must clearly lay out expectations, boundaries and mechanisms by which researchers can engage, and must be shaped to explicitly support their values and those of key partners, including patients, research participants and industry collaborators.

Keywords: incentives; intellectual property; none; open access; open science; science policy.

Conflict of interest statement

No competing interests declared.

This study was funded under the PACEOMICS project, supported by Genome Canada, Genome Quebec, Genome Alberta and the Canadian Institutes for Health Research, and by the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital (the MNI), which is part of McGill University, with which the authors are affiliated. The MNI identified the need for this study and approached one of the authors (ERG) to conceive, design and actualize the research. The MNI did not have access to the study data and played no further role in the study other than to supply a list of staff members.

Figures

Figure 1.
Figure 1.. Guiding principles for the conduct of open science at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital (MNI).
These principles cover five areas: the public release of data and other scientific resources; external research partnerships; the MNI Biobank; researcher and patient autonomy; and intellectual property. The authors developed draft Guiding Principles based on the results of this study. This draft was then presented to the MNI staff, management and researchers, who reviewed and amended the draft during two rounds of discussion and feedback. These Guiding Principles were adopted by the MNI in December 2016.

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