Comparison of patient satisfaction with acrylic and flexible partial dentures

Niger Postgrad Med J. Jul-Sep 2017;24(3):143-149. doi: 10.4103/npmj.npmj_54_17.

Abstract

Purpose: Restoration of partial edentulous mouth may be done using a variety of treatment options. Removable partial denture (RPD) is commonly used because of its availability. RPDs from flexible resins unlike those from acrylic engage hard and soft tissue undercuts and feel more comfortable in the mouth. The aim of the study was to compare satisfaction with dentures made from these two types of materials.

Materials and methods: It was a quasi-experimental study among thirty patients at the Prosthetics Clinic, University College Hospital, Ibadan. Patients aged 16 years or more, requiring RPDs with one to three missing teeth in the anterior region of either the upper or lower arch participated. A modified semi-structured interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect data on sociodemographics and oral health variables. The level of satisfaction was assessed using a visual analogue scale. Data were analysed using descriptive and multivariate statistics at a significance level of P < 0.05.

Results: The participants' ages ranged between 16 and 51 years, mean age was 33.8 ± 10.01 years. Male: female ratio was 1:1 and mean duration of edentulousness was 11.37 ± 10.52 years (median - 9.50). Most 28 (93.3%) subjects delayed replacement of their missing teeth; reasons were indifference 13 (43.4%), financial constraint 10 (33.3%), ignorance 4 (13.3%) and fear of aspiration 1 (3.3%). Overall, 21 (70.0%) participants were more satisfied with the flexible dentures, 6 (20.0%) with acrylic dentures while 3 (10.0%) were equally satisfied with both types of dentures (P = 0.04).

Conclusion: Subjects were more satisfied with the flexible RPD than the acrylic resin RPD.

MeSH terms

  • Acrylic Resins*
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Dental Prosthesis Design
  • Denture, Partial, Removable*
  • Esthetics, Dental
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Jaw, Edentulous, Partially / therapy*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nigeria
  • Patient Satisfaction*
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Acrylic Resins