Bone metastases as initial presentation of hepatocellular carcinoma

World J Hepatol. 2017 Oct 18;9(29):1158-1165. doi: 10.4254/wjh.v9.i29.1158.


Extra-hepatic spread is present in 5% to 15% of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) at the time of diagnosis. The most frequent sites are lung and regional lymph nodes. Here, we report 3 cases of unsuspected HCC with symptoms due to bone lesions as initial presentation. Morphological characteristics and immunohistochemistry from the examined bone were the key data for diagnosis. None of the patients had an already known chronic liver disease. Differential diagnoses with HCC upon ectopic liver disease or hepatoid adenocarcinoma were shown. Therapy with the orally active multikinase inhibitor sorafenib plus symptomatic treatment was indicated.

Keywords: Bone metastases; Hepatocellular carcinoma; Liver cirrhosis; Sorafenib.

Publication types

  • Case Reports