Tumor-Like Conditions of the Hand and Upper Extremity

J Hand Surg Am. 2017 Dec;42(12):1009-1017. doi: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2017.09.012. Epub 2017 Oct 28.


Tumor-like conditions of the hand and upper extremity typically present as masses and can be confused as more serious conditions. The differential diagnosis of these lesions can cross over with many more commonly recognized benign and malignant upper limb tumors, and it is, therefore, important for the hand surgeon to be familiar with tumor-like conditions. The diagnosis of these lesions often can be made on clinical grounds supported by a careful physical examination and plain film radiography. Advanced imaging and excisional biopsy may be needed in many circumstances to secure the diagnosis given their similarity with bone and soft tissue sarcomas.

Keywords: Tumor-like conditions; lesions; tumors.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Connective Tissue Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Cysts / diagnosis*
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Hamartoma / diagnosis
  • Hand*
  • Humans
  • Musculoskeletal Diseases / diagnosis*