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. 2018 Feb 10;172:190-200.
doi: 10.1016/j.jprot.2017.10.012. Epub 2017 Oct 29.

Proteomic Composition of Nipah Virus-Like Particles

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Proteomic Composition of Nipah Virus-Like Particles

Natalia Mara Vera-Velasco et al. J Proteomics. .

Abstract

Virions are often described as virus-only entities with no cellular components with the exception of the lipids in their membranes. However, advances in proteomics are revealing substantial amounts of host proteins in the viral particles. In the case of Nipah virus (NiV), the viral components in the virion have been known for some time. Nonetheless, no information has been obtained regarding the cellular proteins in the viral particles. To address this question, we produced Virus-Like Particles (VLPs) for NiV by expressing the F, G and M proteins in human-derived cells. Next, the proteomic content in these VLPs was analyzed by LC-MS/MS. We identified 67 human proteins including soluble and membrane-bound proteins involved in vesicle sorting and transport. Interestingly, many of them have been reported to interact with other viruses. Finally, thanks to the semi-quantitative nature of our data we were able to estimate the ratio among F, G and M proteins and also the ratio between cellular and viral proteins in the VLPs. We believe our data contribute to the better understanding of NiV life cycle and might facilitate future attempts for developing antiviral agents and the design of further experimental studies for this deadly infection.

Biological significance: Traditionally viral particles have been described as pure entities carrying only viral-derived proteins. Advances in proteomics are changing this simplified view. Host proteins have been identified in many viruses (especially in enveloped viruses). These cell-derived proteins participate in multiple steps in the viral life cycle and might be as important for the survival of the virus as any other viral-encoded protein. In this work, we analyze utilizing LC-MS/MS the cellular proteins incorporated or bound to the virions of Nipah virus (NiV), an emerging, highly pathogenic, zoonotic virus from the Paramyxoviridiae family. Furthermore, we analyzed the ratio between cellular and viral proteins and among the viral F, G and M proteins in the viral particles. The characterization of the Nipah virus-human interactions occurring in the virion might facilitate the development of new therapeutic and prophylactic therapies for this viral illness.

Keywords: Host-pathogen interaction; LC-MS/MS; Nipah virus; Virology; Virus-like particles.

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