Pomalidomide in Patients with Interstitial Lung Disease due to Systemic Sclerosis: A Phase II, Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Parallel-group Study

J Rheumatol. 2018 Mar;45(3):405-410. doi: 10.3899/jrheum.161040. Epub 2017 Nov 1.


Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of pomalidomide (POM) on forced vital capacity (FVC), modified Rodnan skin score (mRSS), and gastrointestinal (GI) symptomatology over 52 weeks of treatment in patients with interstitial lung disease due to systemic sclerosis (SSc).

Methods: Twenty-three adult patients diagnosed with SSc were randomized 1:1 POM:placebo (PBO).

Results: Mean change at Week 52 from baseline in predicted FVC% -5.2 and -2.8; mRSS -2.7 and -3.7; and UCLA Scleroderma Clinical Trial Consortium Gastrointestinal Tract (SCTC GIT 2.0) score 0.1 and 0.0, with POM and PBO, respectively. Statistical significance was not achieved for any of these 3 primary endpoints at 52 weeks.

Conclusion: Because of recruitment challenges, subject enrollment was discontinued early. In an interim analysis, the study did not meet its Week 52 primary endpoints. Therefore, a decision was made to terminate all study phases. POM was generally well tolerated, with an adverse event profile consistent with the known safety and tolerability profile of POM in other diseases. Study results were neither positive nor negative because too few subjects were enrolled to make meaningful conclusions. Clinical Trials number: NCT01559129.


Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase II
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Early Termination of Clinical Trials
  • Female
  • Fibrosis / drug therapy
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Forced Expiratory Volume / drug effects
  • Humans
  • Immunologic Factors / adverse effects*
  • Immunologic Factors / therapeutic use*
  • Lung / pathology
  • Lung Diseases, Interstitial / drug therapy*
  • Lung Diseases, Interstitial / etiology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Scleroderma, Systemic / complications*
  • Skin / pathology
  • Thalidomide / adverse effects
  • Thalidomide / analogs & derivatives*
  • Thalidomide / therapeutic use
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vital Capacity / drug effects


  • Immunologic Factors
  • Thalidomide
  • pomalidomide

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT01559129