Gianturco coils were used to embolize 77 vessels in 54 patients: 58 aortopulmonary collateral vessels, 14 Blalock-Taussig shunts, 3 arteries involved in pulmonary sequestrations and 2 venae cavae. Embolization resulted in total occlusion in 53 (69%), subtotal occlusion in 19 (25%) and partial occlusion in 3 (1 intentional). Two embolizations failed to reduce flow. Thus, 72 (95%) of 76 embolizations in which complete occlusion was the intended result resulted in total or subtotal occlusion. Analysis of the results demonstrates that completely occluded collateral vessels were longer and had a smaller diameter than did incompletely occluded vessels. Complications included six cases of inadvertent embolization to the pulmonary arteries (n = 5) or the aorta (n = 1); three were retrieved and three were left without symptoms. In addition, there was a case of severe hemolysis after intentional partial occlusion of a Blalock-Taussig shunt. The results demonstrate that coil embolization can be an effective procedure for managing a wide variety of aorto-pulmonary collateral vessels and shunts in children with congenital heart disease.