Tandem Mass Spectrometry Assay of β-glucocerebrosidase Activity in Dried Blood Spots Eliminates False Positives Detected in Fluorescence Assay

Mol Genet Metab. 2018 Feb;123(2):135-139. doi: 10.1016/j.ymgme.2017.10.011. Epub 2017 Oct 23.

Abstract

Deficiency of β-Glucocerebrosidase (GBA) activity causes Gaucher Disease (GD). GD can be diagnosed by measuring GBA activity (Beutler and Kuhl, 1990). In this study, we assayed dried blood spots from a cohort (n=528) enriched for GBA mutation carriers (n=78) and GD patients (n=18) using both the tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) and fluorescence assays and their respective synthetic substrates. The MS/MS assay differentiated normal controls, which included GBA mutation carriers, from GD patients with no overlap. The fluorescence assay did not always differentiate normal controls including GBA mutation carriers from GD patients and false positives were observed. The MS/MS assay improved specificity compared to the fluorescence assay.

Keywords: Dried blood spots (DBS); Gaucher disease (GD); Glucocerebroside; Lysosomal storage disorder (LSD); Newborn screening (NBS); β-Glucocerebrosidase (GBA).

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Biological Assay
  • Biomarkers / blood*
  • Blood Specimen Collection
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Cohort Studies
  • Dried Blood Spot Testing*
  • Fluorescence*
  • Gaucher Disease / diagnosis*
  • Gaucher Disease / metabolism
  • Glucosylceramidase / blood*
  • Humans
  • Mass Screening*
  • Tandem Mass Spectrometry / methods*

Substances

  • Biomarkers
  • Glucosylceramidase