Hot carrier cooling mechanisms in halide perovskites

Nat Commun. 2017 Nov 3;8(1):1300. doi: 10.1038/s41467-017-01360-3.

Abstract

Halide perovskites exhibit unique slow hot-carrier cooling properties capable of unlocking disruptive perovskite photon-electron conversion technologies (e.g., high-efficiency hot-carrier photovoltaics, photo-catalysis, and photodetectors). Presently, the origins and mechanisms of this retardation remain highly contentious (e.g., large polarons, hot-phonon bottleneck, acoustical-optical phonon upconversion etc.). Here, we investigate the fluence-dependent hot-carrier dynamics in methylammonium lead triiodide using transient absorption spectroscopy, and correlate with theoretical modeling and first-principles calculations. At moderate carrier concentrations (around 1018 cm-3), carrier cooling is mediated by polar Fröhlich electron-phonon interactions through zone-center delayed longitudinal optical phonon emissions (i.e., with phonon lifetime τ LO around 0.6 ± 0.1 ps) induced by the hot-phonon bottleneck. The hot-phonon effect arises from the suppression of the Klemens relaxation pathway essential for longitudinal optical phonon decay. At high carrier concentrations (around 1019 cm-3), Auger heating further reduces the cooling rates. Our study unravels the intricate interplay between the hot-phonon bottleneck and Auger heating effects on carrier cooling, which will resolve the existing controversy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't