Overview on the antiviral activities and mechanisms of marine polysaccharides from seaweeds

Carbohydr Res. 2017 Dec 1:453-454:1-9. doi: 10.1016/j.carres.2017.10.020. Epub 2017 Oct 31.


Marine polysaccharides are attracting increasing attention in medical and pharmaceutical development because of their important biological properties. The seaweed polysaccharides have now become a rich resource of potential antiviral drugs due to their antiviral activities against various viruses. The structural diversity and complexity of marine polysaccharides and their derivatives contribute to their antiviral activities in different phases of many different viral infection processes. This review mainly introduces the different types of seaweed polysaccharides and their derivatives with potent antiviral activities. Moreover, the antiviral mechanisms and medical applications of certain marine polysaccharides from seaweeds are also demonstrated.

Keywords: Antiviral activity; Antiviral mechanism; Marine polysaccharides; Structures.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antiviral Agents / chemistry*
  • Antiviral Agents / pharmacology*
  • Polysaccharides / chemistry*
  • Polysaccharides / pharmacology*
  • Seaweed / chemistry*
  • Viruses / drug effects


  • Antiviral Agents
  • Polysaccharides