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Review
. 2019 Jun;37(6):387-401.
doi: 10.1016/j.urolonc.2017.10.006. Epub 2017 Nov 3.

An Update of Research Evidence on Nutrition and Prostate Cancer

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Review

An Update of Research Evidence on Nutrition and Prostate Cancer

Pao-Hwa Lin et al. Urol Oncol. .

Abstract

Background: Prostate cancer (PCa) remains a leading cause of mortality in US and other countries. Preclinical and clinical studies have examined the role of nutrition and dietary intake on the incidence and progression of PCa with mixed results.

Objective: The objective of this chapter is to provide an update of recent published literature and highlight progress in the field.

Main findings: Low carbohydrate intake, soy protein, ω3 fat, green teas, tomatoes and tomato products and the herbal mixture-zyflamend showed promise in reducing PCa risk or progression. On the contrary, a higher animal fat intake and a higher β-carotene status may increase risk. A "U" shape relationship may exist between folate, vitamin C, vitamin D and calcium with PCa risk. Conclusion Despite the inconclusive findings, the potential for a role of dietary intake for the prevention and treatment of PCa remains promising. Maintaining a healthy body weight and following a healthy dietary pattern including antioxidant rich fruits and vegetables, reduced animal fat and refined carbohydrates, should be encouraged.

Conclusion: Despite the inconclusive findings, the potential for a role of dietary intake for the prevention and treatment of PCa remains promising. Maintaining a healthy body weight and following a healthy dietary pattern including antioxidant rich fruits and vegetables, reduced animal fat and refined carbohydrates, should be encouraged.

Keywords: Cancer; Diet; Dietary pattern; Lifestyle; Nutrients; Prevention; Prostate; Treatment.

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