To evaluate the efficacy and safety of long-duration dual antiplatelet therapy (L-DAPT) compared to short-duration dual antiplatelet therapy (S-DAPT) after drug-eluting stent implantation. We searched Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) to identify randomized controlled trials assessing the clinical effect of L-DAPT vs S-DAPT after drug-eluting stent. Efficacy end points were all-cause mortality, cardiac mortality, myocardial infarction (MI), stent thrombosis (ST), and target vessel revascularization (TVR). Safety end points were TIMI major bleeding and stroke. Event rates were compared using a random-effects model. We identified 11 randomized controlled trials in which 33,520 patients were randomized to S-DAPT (N = 16,687) and L-DAPT (n = 16,833), respectively. Compared with L-DAPT, S-DAPT was associated with higher rate of MI and lower rate of TIMI major bleeding (1.40 [1.08-1.81] and 0.60 [0.41-0.89], respectively), without any significant differences in the rate of all-cause mortality, cardiac mortality, ST, TVR, and stroke (0.88 [0.75-1.04], 0.98 [0.79-1.22], 1.54 [0.95-2.50], 0.99 [0.73-1.34], and 1.01 [0.78-1.32], respectively). Our results showed that compared with L-DAPT, S-DAPT was associated with higher rate of MI and lower rate of major bleeding without any significant difference in the rates of all-cause mortality, cardiac mortality, ST, TVR, and stroke.
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