Occupational Exposures and Metabolic Syndrome Among Hispanics/Latinos: Cross-Sectional Results From the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL)

J Occup Environ Med. 2017 Nov;59(11):1047-1055. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001115.

Abstract

Objective: We assessed the cross-sectional relationships of self-reported current occupational exposures to solvents, metals, and pesticides with metabolic syndrome and its components among 7127 participants in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos.

Methods: Metabolic syndrome was defined as a clustering of abdominal obesity, high triglycerides, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high blood pressure, and/or high fasting glucose. Regression models that incorporated inverse probability of exposure weighting were used to estimate prevalence ratios.

Results: Solvent exposure was associated with a 32% higher prevalence of high blood pressure (95% confidence interval: 1.09 to 1.60) than participants not reporting exposure. No associations were observed for occupational exposures with abdominal obesity, high triglycerides, low high-density lipoprotein, or metabolic syndrome.

Conclusion: Our findings suggest that solvent exposure may be an important occupational risk factor for high blood pressure among Hispanics/Latinos in the United States.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Dyslipidemias / blood
  • Dyslipidemias / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Hispanic Americans / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / epidemiology*
  • Lipoproteins, LDL / blood
  • Male
  • Metabolic Syndrome / epidemiology*
  • Metals / adverse effects
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity, Abdominal / epidemiology
  • Occupational Exposure* / adverse effects
  • Pesticides / adverse effects
  • Prevalence
  • Self Report
  • Solvents* / adverse effects
  • Triglycerides / blood
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Lipoproteins, LDL
  • Metals
  • Pesticides
  • Solvents
  • Triglycerides