Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 14 (5), 6059-6065

Effect of Pretreatment Psoas Muscle Mass on Survival for Patients With Unresectable Pancreatic Cancer Undergoing Systemic Chemotherapy

Affiliations

Effect of Pretreatment Psoas Muscle Mass on Survival for Patients With Unresectable Pancreatic Cancer Undergoing Systemic Chemotherapy

Noriko Ishii et al. Oncol Lett.

Abstract

To the best of our knowledge, there are few previous studies that have investigated the effect of decreased skeletal muscle mass (DSMM) on survival in patients with unresectable advanced pancreatic cancer (APC) who are undergoing systemic chemotherapy. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate the impact of DSMM, as determined by the psoas muscle index (PMI) following computed tomography and prior to systemic chemotherapy, on the outcomes of patients with unresectable APC (n=61). The primary endpoint used was the overall survival (OS) rate. The OS rates in the PMI-High group (exceeds the median PMI value in each gender) were retrospectively compared with those in the PMI-Low group (below the median PMI value in each gender), and factors associated with OS were investigated using univariate and multivariate analyses. The study cohort included 31 male and 30 female patients with a median age of 72 years, 13 of whom were stage IVA, and 48 were stage IVB. The median PMI in males was 4.3 cm2/m2 (range, 1.6-8.2 cm2/m2), while that in females was 2.3 cm2/m2 (range, 0.7-6.1 cm2/m2). The proportion of patients with performance status 0 in the PMI-High group was significantly high, compared with that in the PMI-Low group [83.3% (25/30) vs. 58.1% (18/31); P=0.0486]. Body mass index in the PMI-High group was significantly higher compared with that in the PMI-Low group (P=0.0154). The 1-year cumulative survival rate was 43.3% in the PMI-High group and 12.9% in the PMI-Low group (P=0.0027). Following multivariate analysis, PMI (P=0.0036), prothrombin time (P=0.0044) and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (P=0.0451) were identified to be significant predictors of OS. In conclusion, DSMM, as determined by the PMI, could be a significant predictor of prognosis in patients with unresectable APC who are receiving systemic chemotherapy.

Keywords: prognosis; psoas muscle index; systemic chemotherapy; unresectable advanced pancreatic cancer.

Figures

Figure 1.
Figure 1.
Cumulative overall survival rate for all patients with unresectable advanced pancreatic cancer undergoing systemic chemotherapy (n=61). The 6-month, 1- and 2-year cumulative survival rates were 59.0, 27.9 and 9.1%, respectively.
Figure 2.
Figure 2.
Cumulative overall survival rates for patients with unresectable advanced pancreatic cancer undergoing systemic chemotherapy in each of the PMI-H and PMI-L groups. The 6-month, 1- and 2-year cumulative survival rates were 73.3, 43.3 and 15.2%, respectively, in the PMI-H group, and 45.2, 12.9, and 3.2%, respectively, in the PMI-L group (P=0.0027). PMI, psoas muscle index; H, high; L, low.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 3 PubMed Central articles

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback