Objective: In acute ischemic stroke with large vessel occlusion, the interaction between the clot retriever and the stent is critical for achieving successful recanalization. The ideal time of stent deployment (dwell time [DT]) to improve revascularization is currently unknown. We systematically analyzed the effect of different DT on final angiographic and clinical outcomes of patients who underwent mechanical thrombectomy.
Methods: The DT was progressively increased from 3 minutes to 5 minutes and then 8 minutes during the study period. The effect of DT on recanalization attempts, successful angiographic outcome (thrombolysis in cerebral ischemia [TICI] 2b or TICI 3), total revascularization time, and immediate and 3-month clinical outcomes were evaluated. The DT of 3 minutes and 5 minutes (DT3-5) was compared against DT of 8 minutes (DT8).
Results: Forty patients were included in the analysis. Good angiographic outcome was observed in 94.1% of patients in the DT8 cohort with an average attempt of 1.2 compared with 78.3% with average attempts of 2.0 in other group. Single-pass good recanalization (TICI 2b or 3) and single-pass complete revascularization (TICI3) was significantly higher in the DT group compared with the DT3-5 group (82.4% vs. 43.5% [P = 0.013] and 42.9% vs. 8.7% [P = 0.003], respectively). A favorable trend toward a reduced overall procedural time (34.59 vs. 55.59 minutes) was observed, but was not statistically significant (P = 0.15).
Conclusions: Mild prolongation of DT to 8 minutes improves revascularization outcome with fewer attempts, possibly because of better clot-stent interaction.
Keywords: Acute large vessel stroke; Dwell time; Revascularization; Stentriever.
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