Purpose: To characterize the accuracy of noncoplanar image guided radiation therapy with the Varian Edge radiosurgery system for intracranial stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) treatments by assessing the accuracy of kV/kV orthogonal pair registration with Optical Surface Monitoring System (OSMS) monitoring relative to cone beam computed tomography (CT).
Methods and materials: A Computerized Imaging Reference System head phantom and Encompass SRS Immobilization System were used to determine collision-free space for orthogonal image pairs (kV/kV) for couch rotations (CRs) of 45°, 30°, 15°, 345°, 330°, and 315°. Couch-induced shifts were measured using kV/kV orthogonal image pairs, OSMS, and cone beam CT. The kV/kV image pairs and OSMS localization accuracy was also assessed with respect to cone beam CT.
Results: Mean orthogonal image pair differences for 315°, 330°, 345°, 15°, 30°, and 45° CRs were ≤±0.60 mm and ±0.37°. OSMS localization accuracy was ≤±0.25 mm and ±0.20°. Correspondingly, kV/kV localization accuracy was ≤±0.30 mm and ±0.5°. Shift differences for various image pairs at all CRs were ≤±1.10 mm and ±0.7°. Cone beam CT deviation was 0.10 mm and 0.00° without patient motion or CR.
Conclusion: Based on our study, CR-induced shifts with the Varian Edge radiosurgery system will not produce noticeable dosimetric effects for SRS treatments. Thus, replacing cone beam CT with orthogonal kV/kV pairs coupled with OSMS at the treatment couch angle could reduce the number of cone beam CT scans that are acquired during a standard SRS treatment while providing an accurate and safe treatment with negligible dosimetric effects on the treatment plan.