A Substance Use Cost Calculator for US Employers With an Emphasis on Prescription Pain Medication Misuse

J Occup Environ Med. 2017 Nov;59(11):1063-1071. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001157.

Abstract

Objective: Substance use disorders are among the most common and costly health conditions affecting Americans. Despite estimates of national costs exceeding $400 billion annually, individual companies may not see how substance use impacts their bottom lines through lost productivity and absenteeism, turnover, health care expenses, disability, and workers' compensation.

Methods: Data on employed adults (18 years and older) from 3 years (2012 to 2014) of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health Public Use Data Files were analyzed.

Results: The results offer employers an authoritative, free, epidemiologically grounded, and easy-to-use tool that gives specific information about how alcohol, prescription pain medication misuse, and illicit drug use is likely impacting workplaces like theirs.

Conclusion: Employers have detailed reports of the cost of substance use that can be used to improve workplace policies and health benefits.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Absenteeism
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Alcohol-Related Disorders / economics
  • Alcohol-Related Disorders / epidemiology
  • Ambulatory Care / statistics & numerical data
  • Analgesics / adverse effects*
  • Analgesics / economics
  • Anxiety / epidemiology
  • Comorbidity
  • Depression / epidemiology
  • Driving Under the Influence / statistics & numerical data
  • Emergency Service, Hospital / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Health Care Costs / statistics & numerical data
  • Health Resources / statistics & numerical data
  • Health Surveys
  • Hospitalization / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Industry / statistics & numerical data*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Personnel Turnover / economics
  • Prescription Drugs
  • Prevalence
  • Sick Leave / economics
  • Smoking / epidemiology
  • Stress, Psychological / epidemiology
  • Substance-Related Disorders / economics*
  • Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology*
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Workplace / economics*
  • Workplace / organization & administration
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Analgesics
  • Prescription Drugs