A framework for designing patient-specific bioprosthetic heart valves using immersogeometric fluid-structure interaction analysis

Int J Numer Method Biomed Eng. 2018 Apr;34(4):e2938. doi: 10.1002/cnm.2938. Epub 2018 Jan 25.


Numerous studies have suggested that medical image derived computational mechanics models could be developed to reduce mortality and morbidity due to cardiovascular diseases by allowing for patient-specific surgical planning and customized medical device design. In this work, we present a novel framework for designing prosthetic heart valves using a parametric design platform and immersogeometric fluid-structure interaction (FSI) analysis. We parameterize the leaflet geometry using several key design parameters. This allows for generating various perturbations of the leaflet design for the patient-specific aortic root reconstructed from the medical image data. Each design is analyzed using our hybrid arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian/immersogeometric FSI methodology, which allows us to efficiently simulate the coupling of the deforming aortic root, the parametrically designed prosthetic valves, and the surrounding blood flow under physiological conditions. A parametric study is performed to investigate the influence of the geometry on heart valve performance, indicated by the effective orifice area and the coaptation area. Finally, the FSI simulation result of a design that balances effective orifice area and coaptation area reasonably well is compared with patient-specific phase contrast magnetic resonance imaging data to demonstrate the qualitative similarity of the flow patterns in the ascending aorta.

Keywords: bioprosthetic heart valves; fluid-structure interaction; immersogeometric analysis; isogeometric analysis; parametric design; patient specific.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Computer Simulation
  • Heart Valve Prosthesis*
  • Heart Valves / physiology*
  • Heart Ventricles
  • Hemorheology / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Models, Cardiovascular
  • Prosthesis Design*
  • Time Factors