Enzymatic Synthesis of a Novel Neuroprotective Hydroxytyrosyl Glycoside

J Agric Food Chem. 2017 Dec 6;65(48):10526-10533. doi: 10.1021/acs.jafc.7b04176. Epub 2017 Nov 21.


The eco-friendly synthesis of non-natural glycosides from different phenolic antioxidants was carried out using a fungal β-xylosidase to evaluate changes in their bioactivities. Xylosides from hydroquinone and catechol were successfully formed, although the best results were obtained for hydroxytyrosol, the main antioxidant from olive oil. The formation of the new products was followed by thin-layer chromatography, liquid chromatography, and mass spectrometry. The hydroxytyrosyl xyloside was analyzed in more detail, to maximize its production and evaluate the effect of glycosylation on some hydroxytyrosol properties. The synthesis was optimized up to the highest production reported for a hydroxytyrosyl glycoside. The structure of this compound was solved by two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance and identified as 3,4-dihydroxyphenyl-ethyl-O-β-d-xylopyranoside. Evaluation of its biological effect showed an enhancement of both its neuroprotective capacity and its ability to ameliorate intracellular levels of reactive oxygen species.

Keywords: glycosylation; olive oil; plant phenols; regioselectivity; xyloside.

MeSH terms

  • Biocatalysis
  • Chromatography, Thin Layer
  • Fungal Proteins / chemistry*
  • Glycosides / chemistry*
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Neuroprotective Agents / chemistry*
  • Olive Oil / chemistry*
  • Phenols / chemistry
  • Phenylethyl Alcohol / analogs & derivatives*
  • Phenylethyl Alcohol / chemistry
  • Talaromyces / enzymology*
  • Xylosidases / chemistry*


  • Fungal Proteins
  • Glycosides
  • Neuroprotective Agents
  • Olive Oil
  • Phenols
  • 3,4-dihydroxyphenylethanol
  • Xylosidases
  • exo-1,4-beta-D-xylosidase
  • Phenylethyl Alcohol