Clinical studies in CRS and HIPEC: Trials, tribulations, and future directions-A systematic review

J Surg Oncol. 2018 Feb;117(2):245-259. doi: 10.1002/jso.24813. Epub 2017 Nov 9.


Background: The field of cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) has suffered from a lack of clinical trials to validate its expanding use.

Objective: To evaluate published and ongoing clinical trials seeking to better define role of CRS/HIPEC in the treatment of peritoneal surface malignancies.

Methods: Systematic review by PubMed search was performed using terms "Clinical trial," "intraperitoneal chemotherapy," and "HIPEC." and EudraCT registries were searched for active clinical trials. Eligibility included CRS/HIPEC trials investigating adult patient populations from published clinical reports and/or trials currently accruing or at completion.

Results: Thirteen published trials and 57 active clinical trials were included for review.

Conclusions: Published and ongoing U.S. and international clinical trials for CRS and HIPEC are defining important parameters that include improving patient selection, strategic sequences of treatment, cytoreductive strategies, chemotherapeutics, optimal hyperthermic temperature and timing, and toxicity profiles. Main barriers or limitations to trial development remain patient enrollment, trial design, and oncologic community collaboration. Overall progress is positive with increasing number of clinical trials throughout the world. Collaboration between surgeons and the wider oncologic community will be crucial to validate this important treatment strategy.

Keywords: HIPEC; clinical trials; cytoreductive surgery; peritoneal carcinomatosis; peritoneal metastasis.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Chemotherapy, Cancer, Regional Perfusion*
  • Clinical Trials as Topic*
  • Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures*
  • Humans
  • Hyperthermia, Induced*
  • Meta-Analysis as Topic
  • Peritoneal Neoplasms / therapy*
  • Prognosis
  • Survival Rate