History of mood or anxiety disorders and risk of gestational diabetes mellitus in a population-based cohort

Diabet Med. 2018 Jan;35(1):147-151. doi: 10.1111/dme.13543.

Abstract

Aim: To examine the association between mood and anxiety disorders and the development of gestational diabetes mellitus in a retrospective population-based cohort study.

Methods: Clinical data from a provincial perinatal health registry were linked to physician claims, hospitalization records and emergency visits to identify any diagnoses of mood or anxiety disorders in the 2 years prior to pregnancy and a subsequent diagnosis of gestational diabetes during pregnancy. The study population included all singleton pregnancies in the Canadian province of Alberta from 1 April 2000 to 31 March 2010. Generalized estimating equations were used to determine the adjusted odds ratio of gestational diabetes, comparing women with and without a history of mood or anxiety disorders.

Results: Among 373 674 pregnancies from 253 911 women, 25.7% had a history of mood or anxiety disorders, and 3.8% developed gestational diabetes. The multivariate-adjusted odds of developing gestational diabetes were higher among women with a history of mood or anxiety disorders (odds ratio 1.10, 95% CI 1.06-1.14).

Conclusions: Women with a history of mood or anxiety disorders had a moderately increased risk of developing gestational diabetes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Alberta / epidemiology
  • Anxiety Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Diabetes, Gestational / epidemiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Mood Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Odds Ratio
  • Pregnancy
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Young Adult

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