Institute of Endocrinology participates in the grant of European Commission EUthyroid (Towards the elimination of iodine deficiency and preventable thyroid-related diseases in Europe), together with other 28 European countries. The role of Institute of Endocrinology in EUthyroid is among other things to ensure access to national registers relating to thyroid diseases. The results presented here correspond to the years 2012-2015 and are based on data from the General Health Insurance Company Czech Republic (VZP CR), which has 6 million insured persons (ratio male : female = 1 : 1). The set is sufficiently representative to be related to the whole of the Czech Republic. According to VZP data, the prevalence of thyreopathies is constantly increasing, for example according to the code of diagnoses E00-E07 and the unique birth number, the prevalence of thyreopathies increased from 6.8 % in 2012 to 7.5 % in 2015. The increase of the prevalence is mainly concentrated to clinical manifestation of hypothyroidism (code E03, an increase from 2.8 % in 2012 to 3.2 % in 2015); the second is nontoxic struma (code E04), which had a constant prevalence of 2.5 % in the given period. On the other hand, thyroiditis (code E06), the third in the order of occurrence, increased from 1.8 % in 2012 to 2 % in 2015. The decrease in prevalence only occurred in hyperthyroidism (E05) from 0.7 % in 2012 to 0.6 % in 2015. Other thyreopathies had a prevalence of less than 1 %, and was constant between 2012 and 2015 (other thyroid disorders E07 0.8 %, thyroid disorders associated with iodine deficiency E01 0.2 %, E02 0.07 %, E00 0.01 %, thyroid carcinoma C73 0.13 %).Key words: EUthyroid - General Health Insurance Company- occurrence of thyreopathies - thyroid disease in the Czech Republic.