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Comparative Study
. 2018 Apr;87(4):972-985.
doi: 10.1016/j.gie.2017.10.039. Epub 2017 Nov 6.

Per-oral Endoscopic Myotomy in Patients With or Without Prior Heller's Myotomy: Comparing Long-Term Outcomes in a Large U.S. Single-Center Cohort (With Videos)

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Comparative Study

Per-oral Endoscopic Myotomy in Patients With or Without Prior Heller's Myotomy: Comparing Long-Term Outcomes in a Large U.S. Single-Center Cohort (With Videos)

Xiaocen Zhang et al. Gastrointest Endosc. .

Abstract

Background and aims: Heller's myotomy (HM) is one of the most effective treatments for esophageal achalasia. However, failures do exist, and the success rate tends to decrease with time. The efficacy of rescue treatments for patients with failed HM is limited. A few small-scale studies have reported outcomes of per-oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) in these patients. We conducted this study to systematically assess feasibility, safety, and efficacy of POEM on patients who have had HM.

Methods: Patients at least 3 months out from POEM were selected from our prospective database: 318 consecutive POEMs performed from October 2009 to October 2016. The efficacy and safety of POEM were compared between the 46 patients with prior HM and the remaining 272 patients.

Results: Patients with prior HM had longer disease history, more advanced disease, more type I and less type II achalasia, lower before-POEM Eckardt scores, and lower before-POEM lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressure (all P < .01). Procedure parameters and follow-up results (clinical success rate, Eckardt score, LES pressure, GERD score, esophagitis, and pH testing) showed no significant difference between the 2 groups. For the 46 HM-POEM patients, no clinically significant perioperative adverse events occurred. Their overall clinical success rate (Eckardt score ≤3 and no other treatment needed) was 95.7% at a median follow-up of 28 months.

Conclusion: POEM as a rescue treatment for patients with achalasia who failed HM is feasible, safe, and highly effective. It should be the treatment of choice in managing these challenging cases at centers with a high level of experience with POEM.

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