Effect of inhaled leukotriene C4 on cardiopulmonary function

Am Rev Respir Dis. 1989 Jan;139(1):188-93. doi: 10.1164/ajrccm/139.1.188.


The changes in transcutaneous oxygen saturation (SaO2%) and airway responses to inhaled histamine and leukotriene C4 (LTC4) were examined in 10 asthmatic patients, and the effect of inhaled LTC4 (16 nmol) on cardiopulmonary hemodynamics was examined in seven nonasthmatic patients undergoing diagnostic cardiac catheterization. In asthmatic patients, LTC4 produced oxygen desaturation on two occasions. At a lower dose (2.0 nmol) LTC4 produced a marked fall in SaO2% that lasted less than 15 min and occurred in the absence of significant bronchoconstriction as measured by changes in FEV1, FEF25-75, and SGaw. At a higher cumulative dose (7 nmol), LTC4 caused prolonged oxygen desaturation with slow recovery and this was associated with significant bronchoconstriction. In contrast, histamine inhalation produced a single response with a fall in both FEV1 and SaO2% of short duration. The dose-response characteristics of LTC4 and histamine on oxygen desaturation in asthmatic patients appear to differ significantly and probably are dependent on relative sensitivities of pulmonary vascular and bronchial smooth muscle to these agonists. A single inhaled dose of LTC4 in nonasthmatic subjects produced a marked drop in PaO2 with significant increase in AaPO2, and this was associated with a mean (SEM) decrease in FEV1 of 14% (2.5) from the baseline. The mean cardiac output fell by 15% (3.4) without significant changes in blood pressure and heart rate. There was no electrocardiographic evidence of myocardial ischemia.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Inhalation
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Airway Resistance
  • Asthma / blood
  • Asthma / physiopathology*
  • Female
  • Forced Expiratory Flow Rates
  • Forced Expiratory Volume
  • Hemodynamics / drug effects*
  • Histamine / pharmacology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Oxygen / blood
  • Respiration / drug effects*
  • SRS-A / administration & dosage*
  • SRS-A / pharmacology


  • SRS-A
  • Histamine
  • Oxygen