Inhibition of Na+-dependent phosphate transport by group-specific covalent reagents in rat kidney brush border membrane vesicles. Evidence for the involvement of tyrosine and sulfhydryl groups on the interior of the membrane

Arch Biochem Biophys. 1989 Jan;268(1):9-19. doi: 10.1016/0003-9861(89)90559-6.


The effects of tyrosine- and sulfhydryl-specific reagents on the Na+-dependent transport of phosphate in brush border membrane vesicles prepared from rat renal cortex were investigated. This study is the first to show that the tyrosine-specific reagents 7-chloro-4-nitrobenzo-2-oxa-1,3-diazole and tetranitromethane inactivate the transporter in a concentration- and time-dependent fashion while the membrane impermeant tyrosine reagent, N-acetylimidazole, has no effect on phosphate uptake. The membrane permeant sulfhydryl reagent N-ethylmaleimide also caused a time- and concentration-dependent inactivation of this transport process but the membrane impermeant reagents 7-chloro-4-sulfobenzo-2-oxa-1,3-diazole and eosin-5-maleimide had little effect on phosphate uptake. The inhibitory effects of both tyrosine- and sulfhydryl-specific reagents were additive, but no protection from inactivation by tyrosine-specific reagents could be achieved by preincubation of the vesicles with the substrates of the transporter or with competitive inhibitors of the transport process. These results suggest that the amino acids modified by these agents are located either within the membrane or on the cytosolic surface of the transporter. These residues may not participate in substrate binding, but may be important for the conformational change of the transporter necessary for the translocation of phosphate across these membranes. This study also shows that Na+-dependent phosphate transport can be inactivated by other reagents which covalently modify histidine, carboxyl, and amino groups on proteins.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • 4-Chloro-7-nitrobenzofurazan / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism*
  • Kidney Cortex / metabolism*
  • Kinetics
  • Microvilli / drug effects
  • Microvilli / metabolism*
  • Phosphates / metabolism*
  • Rats
  • Sodium / metabolism
  • Sodium-Phosphate Cotransporter Proteins
  • Sulfhydryl Reagents / pharmacology*
  • Symporters*
  • Tyrosine*


  • Carrier Proteins
  • Phosphates
  • Sodium-Phosphate Cotransporter Proteins
  • Sulfhydryl Reagents
  • Symporters
  • Tyrosine
  • Sodium
  • 4-Chloro-7-nitrobenzofurazan