ICTV Virus Taxonomy Profile: Pleolipoviridae

J Gen Virol. 2017 Dec;98(12):2916-2917. doi: 10.1099/jgv.0.000972. Epub 2017 Nov 10.


Members of the family Pleolipoviridae (termed pleolipoviruses) are pseudo-spherical and pleomorphic archaeal viruses. The enveloped virion is a simple membrane vesicle, which encloses different types of DNA genomes of approximately 7-16 kbp (or kilonucleotides). Typically, virions contain a single type of transmembrane (spike) protein at the envelope and a single type of membrane protein, which is embedded in the envelope and located in the internal side of the membrane. All viruses infect extremely halophilic archaea in the class Halobacteria (phylum Euryarchaeota). Pleolipoviruses have a narrow host range and a persistent, non-lytic life cycle. This is a summary of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) Report on the taxonomy of the Pleolipoviridae which is available at www.ictv.global/report/pleolipoviridae.

Keywords: Halorubrum pleomorphic virus 1; ICTV; Pleolipoviridae; taxonomy.

MeSH terms

  • Genome, Viral
  • Host Specificity
  • Viral Proteins / genetics
  • Viral Proteins / metabolism
  • Virus Physiological Phenomena
  • Viruses / classification*
  • Viruses / genetics
  • Viruses / isolation & purification


  • Viral Proteins