Gating of visual processing by physiological need

Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2018 Apr;49:16-23. doi: 10.1016/j.conb.2017.10.020. Epub 2017 Nov 8.

Abstract

Physiological need states and associated motivational drives can bias visual processing of cues that help meet these needs. Human neuroimaging studies consistently show a hunger-dependent, selective enhancement of responses to images of food in association cortex and amygdala. More recently, cellular-resolution imaging combined with circuit mapping experiments in behaving mice have revealed underlying neuronal population dynamics and enabled tracing of pathways by which hunger circuits influence the assignment of value to visual objects in visual association cortex, insular cortex, and amygdala. These experiments begin to provide a mechanistic understanding of motivation-specific neural processing of need-relevant cues in healthy humans and in disease states such as obesity and other eating disorders.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Amygdala / diagnostic imaging
  • Amygdala / physiology*
  • Animals
  • Brain Mapping
  • Cerebral Cortex / diagnostic imaging
  • Cerebral Cortex / physiology*
  • Cues
  • Humans
  • Hunger / physiology
  • Mice
  • Motivation
  • Neuroimaging
  • Photic Stimulation
  • Sensory Gating / physiology*
  • Visual Pathways / diagnostic imaging
  • Visual Pathways / physiology*