Video Intervention to Increase Perceived Self-Efficacy for Condom Use in a Randomized Controlled Trial of Female Adolescents

J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2018 Jun;31(3):291-298.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.jpag.2017.10.008. Epub 2017 Nov 7.


Study objective: To assess the effects of the Seventeen Days interactive video on young women's perceived self-efficacy for using condoms 6 months after being offered the intervention, relative to a control.

Design: Multisite randomized controlled trial.

Setting: Twenty participating health clinics and county health departments in Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia.

Participants: Sexually active female adolescents ages 14 to 19 years.

Interventions: Seventeen Days (treatment intervention; sex education) vs Driving Skills for Life (control intervention; driving education).

Main outcome measures: Perceived self-efficacy for condom use.

Results: Participants in the Seventeen Days group reported higher perceived condom acquisition self-efficacy after 6 months than those in the driving group. This finding held after controlling for baseline self-efficacy scores and other covariates.

Conclusion: The Seventeen Days program shows promise to improve perceived self-efficacy to acquire condoms among sexually active female adolescents-an important precursor to behavior change.

Keywords: Condoms; Pregnancy prevention; Self-efficacy.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Condoms / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Ohio
  • Pennsylvania
  • Self Efficacy*
  • Sex Education / methods*
  • Sexual Behavior / statistics & numerical data
  • Video Recording
  • West Virginia
  • Young Adult