CLOCK Interacts With RANBP9 and Is Involved in Alternative Splicing in Spermatogenesis

Gene. 2018 Feb 5;642:199-204. doi: 10.1016/j.gene.2017.11.007. Epub 2017 Nov 7.


The core circadian gene CLOCK plays an important role in regulating male reproduction. However, the underlying mechanism still remains unclear. In the present study, we executed yeast two-hybrid screening using cDNA fragment of CLOCK PAS A domain as bait, and identified RANBP9 as a novel protein interacting with CLOCK. The interaction between CLOCK and RANBP9 was further validated by in vivo and in vitro assays. Previous studies have confirmed that SF3B3 was a RANBP9 interacting protein. Subsequently, our study also found that CLOCK and SF3B3 can interact with each other by co-immunoprecipitation in mouse testis. In order to dissect the underlying mechanism of CLOCK in spermatogenesis, we also performed RNA-immunoprecipitation followed by high-throughput sequencing (RIP-Seq) in mouse testis. The result of sequence analyses and Gene Ontology enrichment analyses (biological processes) demonstrated that CLOCK can directly bind 186 key mRNA transcripts in mouse spermatogenesis. Taken together, our results firstly showed that CLOCK can interact with RANBP9 and bind with mRNAs, demonstrating that CLOCK is involved in alternative splicing in spermatogenesis. These results reveal a novel mechanism for CLOCK in spermatogenesis.

Keywords: CLOCK; RANBP9; RIP-Seq; SF3B3; Yeast two-hybrid (Y2H) system.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing / metabolism*
  • Alternative Splicing*
  • Animals
  • CLOCK Proteins / metabolism*
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins / metabolism*
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Immunoprecipitation
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism*
  • Protein Binding
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Sequence Analysis, RNA
  • Spermatogenesis*
  • Testis / metabolism


  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Ran binding protein 9
  • CLOCK Proteins
  • Clock protein, mouse