Anemia of chronic kidney disease: Protocol of study, management and referral to Nephrology

Nefrologia (Engl Ed). 2018 Jan-Feb;38(1):8-12. doi: 10.1016/j.nefro.2017.09.004. Epub 2017 Nov 9.
[Article in English, Spanish]


The objective of this protocol is to know which test are needed to study an anaemia in a patient with chronic kidney disease, the differential diagnosis of renal anaemia, to know and correct other deficiency anaemias, and the criteria for referral to Nephrology or other specialties of the anaemic patient with chronic kidney disease.

Keywords: Agentes estimuladores de la eritropoyesis; Anaemia; Anemia; Atención Primaria; Chronic kidney disease; Enfermedad renal crónica; Erythropoiesis stimulating agents; Ferroterapia; Iron therapy; Primary care.

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Anemia / diagnosis
  • Anemia / drug therapy
  • Anemia / etiology*
  • Anemia / physiopathology
  • Clinical Protocols
  • Disease Management
  • Erythropoietin / deficiency
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate
  • Hematinics / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Iron / therapeutic use
  • Nephrology
  • Referral and Consultation
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic / blood
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic / complications*
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic / physiopathology


  • Hematinics
  • Erythropoietin
  • Iron