Background: Some GLP-1 receptor studies have identified polymorphisms in the GLP-1 receptor gene that might be related to different cardiovascular risk factors.
Objective: Our aim was to investigate the allelic distribution of rs6923761 GLP-1 receptor polymorphism in a geographic area of Spain (Community of Castilla y Leon) and to evaluate the influence of this polymorphism on obesity anthropometric parameters and cardiovascular risk factors in the fasted state in obese patients.
Design: A sample of 341 obese subjects (body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m2) was analyzed. Fasting blood glucose, C-reactive protein (CRP), plasma insulin, insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and lipid profile were determined. Anthropometric parameters, dietary intake and blood pressure were recorded.
Results: One hundred and forty three patients (42.0%) had the genotype GG (wild-type group) and one hundred and ninety eight (58.0%) patients were A carriers: GA (164 patients, 48.1%) or AA (34 patients, 9.9%) (mutant-type group). Valladolid and Segovia health areas had the lowest percentage of wild type genotype and G allelic (than other Health Areas). Burgos Health Area had a higher percentage of wild-type genotype. In wild-type group (GG genotype), BMI (0.9 ± 1.3 kg/m2; p < 0.05), weight (3.3 ± 1.1 kg; p < 0.05), fat mass (2.5 ± 1.1 kg; p < 0.05), waist to hip ratio (0.02 ± 0.005 cm; p < 0.05), waist circumference (2.8 ± 1.1 cm; p < 0.05), triglycerides (14.4 ± 3.3 mg/dl; p < 0.05) insulin (3.1 ± 1.0 mg/dl; p < 0.05) and HOMA-IR (1.2 ± 0.9 mg/dl; p < 0.05) were higher than A allele carriers. In non A allele carriers, lower HDL cholesterol levels than A allele carriers (6.4 ± 2.3 mg/dl; p < 0.05) were found.
Conclusion: Data from our study revealed different allelic distribution in this geographic area, with better parameters (Body mass index, weight, fat mass, waist circumference, triglycerides, insulin, HOMA-IR and HDL cholesterol) in A allele carriers than in non A allele carriers.
Keywords: Cardiovascular risk factors; Glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor; Insulin resistance; Lipids; rs6923761.
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