Discovery of novel anelloviruses in small mammals expands the host range and diversity of the Anelloviridae

Virology. 2018 Jan 15:514:9-17. doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2017.11.001. Epub 2017 Nov 10.


The Anelloviridae comprises single-stranded DNA viruses currently grouped in sixty-eight species classified in twelve genera. They have been found in many vertebrate hosts including primates. In this study, we describe the application of the high-throughput sequencing to examine the frequency and diversity of anelloviruses in rodents, bats and opossums captured in São Paulo State, Brazil. We report a total of twenty-six anelloviruses with sixteen nearly complete genomes and ten partial genomes, which include eleven potential novel species identified in rodents (Cricetidae), bats (Molossidae and Phyllostomidae), and opossums (Didelphidae). We also propose the inclusion of two potential new genera within the Anelloviridae family, provisionally named Omegatorquevirus and Sigmatorquevirus, including six and three novel species of anelloviruses, respectively. In summary, this study expands the diversity and the host range of the known anelloviruses.

Keywords: Anelloviridae; Anellovirus; Bat-borne virus; Rodent-borne virus; Virome, and ssDNA viruses.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anelloviridae / classification
  • Anelloviridae / genetics
  • Anelloviridae / isolation & purification
  • Anelloviridae / physiology*
  • Animals
  • Biodiversity
  • Chiroptera / virology
  • DNA Virus Infections / veterinary*
  • DNA Virus Infections / virology
  • Genome, Viral
  • Host Specificity*
  • Mammals / classification
  • Mammals / virology*
  • Opossums / virology
  • Phylogeny
  • Rodentia / virology