Background: Asthma is an inflammatory disorder with multiple mediators involved in the inflammatory response. Despite several attempts, no new anti-inflammatory drugs have been registered for asthma treatment for several years. However, thiazolidinediones, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor agonists, have demonstrated some anti-inflammatory properties in various experimental settings. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of troglitazone on LTC4 and 15-HETE concentrations. It also evaluates TNF-induced eotaxin synthesis in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 14 patients with mild asthma and 13 healthy controls.
Methods: PBMCs were isolated from the whole blood of the asthmatics and healthy subjects and pretreated with 0.1, 1 or 10μM of Troglitazone. The cells were then exposed to 10-6M calcium jonophore or 10ng/ml TNF. The production and release of LTC4, 15-HETE and eotaxin were then assessed.
Results: Troglitazone caused a dose-dependent inhibition in LTC4 synthesis in both asthmatics and healthy subjects. Troglitazone did not influence 15-HETE or eotaxin production in either asthmatic patients or in healthy individuals.
Conclusion: Due to its inhibition of LTC4 synthesis, troglitazone therapy is an interesting potential therapeutic approach in asthma and other LTC4 related inflammatory disorders.
Keywords: Asthma; PPAR-γ; Troglitazone.
Copyright © 2017 Institute of Pharmacology, Polish Academy of Sciences. Published by Elsevier Urban & Partner Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.