Objective: This study was intended to investigate the effects of icariin on the healing of tooth extraction sites under the systemic administration of zoledronic and dexamethasone.
Method: Thirty female rats underwent bilateral ovariectomy and were randomly assigned to 5 groups: SS group received a weekly injection of saline, while ZD, ZD + LICA, ZD + MICA, and ZD + HICA groups received zoledronic with dexamethasone for 8 weeks. One week later, mandibular first molars were extracted in all groups. Then, 30, 60, and 120 mg/kg icariin were intragastrically given to ZD + LICA, ZD + MICA, and ZD + HICA groups daily for 10 weeks, while saline was given to SS group and ZD group. Blood samples and mandibles were harvested for examinations after 10 weeks.
Results: Significantly smaller wound area was noted in SS and ZD + HICA groups, but the incidence of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (BRONJ) was not significantly different. Groups injected with zoledronic and dexamethasone had higher C-terminal cross-linked telopeptide of type 1 collagen (CTX-1), tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b (TRACP 5b), and the number of osteoclast cells, with less vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and osteocalcin (OCN). In contrast, CTX-1, TRACP 5b, and the number of osteoclast cells declined after using icariin and promoted VEGF and OCN were noted and the effects were in a dosage-dependent manner.
Conclusion: Concurrent use of zoledronic and dexamethasone inhibits the expression of VEGF, OCN, and wound healing and increases the number of osteoclast cells, serum CTX-1, and TRACP-5b after discontinuation for 10 weeks. Icariin weakens those effects in a dose-dependent manner but does not influence the onset of BRONJ.
Keywords: bisphosphonate-induced osteonecrosis of the jaws (BRONJ); icariin; prevention; wound healing.
© 2017 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.