An Update on Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Prim Care. 2017 Dec;44(4):673-692. doi: 10.1016/j.pop.2017.07.010. Epub 2017 Oct 5.


Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) includes 2 chronic idiopathic inflammatory diseases: ulcerative colitis and Crohn disease. The incidence and prevalence of IBD is increasing worldwide. It can affect people of all ages, including children and geriatric populations, and can impact all aspects of life. In this article, diagnosis and treatment of IBD in adults, pediatric, pregnant, and elderly populations are explored from the perspective of a primary care physician.

Keywords: Crohn disease; Diagnosis; Elderly patients; Inflammatory bowel disease; Pediatric patients; Special populations; Treatment; Ulcerative colitis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones / therapeutic use
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
  • Chronic Disease
  • Colitis, Ulcerative / diagnosis
  • Colitis, Ulcerative / physiopathology
  • Crohn Disease / diagnosis
  • Crohn Disease / physiopathology
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Diet
  • Gastrointestinal Agents / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / epidemiology
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / physiopathology*
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / therapy
  • Life Style
  • Pediatrics
  • Pregnant Women
  • Primary Health Care
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • United States / epidemiology


  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Gastrointestinal Agents