Aim: A new definition of sepsis released by an international task-force has introduced the concept of quick Sequential (Sepsis-Related) Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA). This study aimed to measure the proportion of patients who fulfilled qSOFA criteria during a Rapid Response Team (RRT) review and to assess their associated outcomes.
Methods: We conducted a prospective study of adult RRT reviews over a one month period between 6th June and 10th July 2016 in a large tertiary hospital in Melbourne Australia RESULTS: Over a one-month period, there were 282 RRT reviews, 258 of which were included. One hundred out of 258 (38.8%) RRT review patients fulfilled qSOFA criteria. qSOFA positive patients were more likely to be admitted to the intensive care unit (29% vs 18%, P=0.04), to have repeat RRT reviews (27% vs 13%; p=0.007) and die in hospital (31% vs 10%, P<0.001). qSOFA positive patients with suspected infection were more likely to be admitted to the intensive care unit compared to patients with infection alone (37% vs 15%, P=0.002). Eleven of 42 patients (26%) who had infection and qSOFA died whilst in hospital, compared to 8/55 (15%) of patients with infection alone (P=0.2).
Conclusion: Adult patients who are qSOFA positive at the time of their RRT review are at increased risk of in-hospital mortality. The assessment of qSOFA may be a useful triage tool during a RRT review.
Keywords: Infection; RRT call; SOFA; Sepsis; qSOFA.
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