Application of dyes extracted from Alternanthera dentata leaves and Musa acuminata bracts as natural sensitizers for dye-sensitized solar cells

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2018 Mar 5;192:487-498. doi: 10.1016/j.saa.2017.11.018. Epub 2017 Nov 7.

Abstract

The natural dyes anthocyanin and chlorophyll were extracted from Musa acuminata bracts and Alternanthera dentata leaves, respectively. The dyes were then applied as sensitizers in TiO2-based dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The ethanol extracts of the dyes had maximum absorbance. High dye yields were obtained under extraction temperatures of 70 to 80°C, and the optimal extraction temperature was approximately 80°C. Moreover, dye concentration sharply decreased under extraction temperatures that exceeded 80°C. High dye concentrations were obtained using acidic extraction solutions, particularly those with a pH value of 4. The DSSC fabricated with anthocyanin from M. acuminata bracts had a conversion efficiency of 0.31%, short-circuit current (Isc) of 0.9mA/cm2, open-circuit voltage (Voc) of 0.58V, and fill factor (FF) of 62.22%. The DSSC sensitized with chlorophyll from A. dentata leaves had a conversion efficiency of 0.13%, Isc of 0.4mA/cm-2,Voc of 0.54V, and FF of 67.5%. The DSSC sensitized with anthocyanin from M. acuminata bracts had a maximum incident photon-to-current conversion efficiency of 42%, which was higher than that of the DSSC sensitized with chlorophyll from A. dentata leaves (23%). Anthocyanin from M. acuminata bracts exhibited the best photosensitization effects.

Keywords: A. dentata; Anthocyanin; Chlorophyll; DSSC; M. acuminata; Natural dyes.

MeSH terms

  • Amaranthaceae / chemistry*
  • Anthocyanins / chemistry
  • Calibration
  • Chlorophyll / chemistry
  • Coloring Agents / isolation & purification*
  • Electrochemistry
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Musa / chemistry*
  • Photons
  • Plant Extracts / chemistry
  • Plant Leaves / chemistry*
  • Solar Energy*
  • Solvents / chemistry
  • Spectrometry, X-Ray Emission
  • Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared
  • Surface Properties
  • Temperature
  • Titanium / chemistry
  • X-Ray Diffraction

Substances

  • Anthocyanins
  • Coloring Agents
  • Plant Extracts
  • Solvents
  • Chlorophyll
  • titanium dioxide
  • Titanium