Fostering Oral Hygiene Habits and Self-Regulation Skills: An Intervention With Preschool Children

Fam Community Health. 2018 Jan/Mar;41(1):47-54. doi: 10.1097/FCH.0000000000000171.


The purpose of this study was to evaluate a program to promote self-regulation for self-care skills in preschool-aged children focused on oral habits and good oral health. Participants were 210 Mexican children aged 4 to 5 years who attended the Children's Assistance Community Centers (CAIC in Spanish). Findings showed that children who participated in the program, compared with those who did not, decreased significantly the teeth-bacteria plaque. The former also improved their self-regulation skills and dental hygiene habits. Data highlighted the key role of close adults in promoting young children's self-regulation for self-care focusing on dental hygiene habits.

MeSH terms

  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Oral Hygiene / methods*
  • Self Care / methods*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires