The clinical use of the platelet to lymphocyte ratio and lymphocyte to monocyte ratio as prognostic factors in renal cell carcinoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Oncotarget. 2017 Sep 20;8(48):84506-84514. doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.21108. eCollection 2017 Oct 13.

Abstract

Conflicting evidence exists regarding the effect of platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and lymphocyte to monocyte ratio (LMR) on the prognosis of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients. Here we quantify the prognostic impact of these biomarkers and assess their consistency in RCC. Eligible studies were retrieved from the PubMed, Embase and Web of Science databases. Pooled hazard ratios (HRs), odds ratios (ORs), and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. Sixteen studies containing 6,223 patients met criteria for inclusion. Overall, elevated PLR was associated with poorer overall survival (OS, HR 1.76, 95% CI 1.41-2.19, P < 0.001), progression-free survival (PFS, HR 2.81, 95% CI 1.40-5.63, P = 0.004) and recurrence-free survival (RFS, HR 2.64, 95% CI 1.35-5.14, P = 0.004). Conversely, high LMR was correlated with more favorable OS (HR 0.62, 95% CI 0.51-0.77, P < 0.001) and RFS (HR 0.53, 95% CI 0.42-0.67, P < 0.001). Moreover, low LMR was significantly associated with some clinicopathological characteristics that are indicative of poor prognosis and disease aggressiveness. By these results, elevated PLR was associated with poor outcomes, while high LMR correlated with more favorable survival in RCC patients. Pretreatment PLR and LMR can serve as prognostic factors in RCC patients.

Keywords: inflammation; lymphocyte to monocyte ratio; platelet to lymphocyte ratio; prognosis; renal cell carcinoma.