Background: Angiotensin-neprilysin inhibition compared to angiotensin inhibition decreased sudden cardiac death in patients with reduced ejection fraction heart failure (rEFHF). The precise mechanism remains unclear.
Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of angiotensin-neprilysin inhibition on ventricular arrhythmias compared to angiotensin inhibition in rEFHF patients with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) and remote monitoring.
Methods: We prospectively included 120 patients with ICD and (1) New York Heart Association functional class ≥II; (2) left ventricular ejection fraction ≤40%; and (3) remote monitoring. For 9 months, patients received 100% angiotensin inhibition with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi) or angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB), beta-blockers, and mineraloid antagonist. Subsequently, ACEi or ARB was changed to sacubitril-valsartan in all patients, who were followed for 9 months. Appropriate shocks, nonsustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT), premature ventricular contraction (PVC) burden, and biventricular pacing percentage were analyzed.
Results: Patients were an average age of 69 ± 8 years and had mean left ventricular ejection fraction of 30.4% ± 4% (82% ischemic). Use of beta-blockers (98%), mineraloid antagonist (97%) and antiarrhythmic drugs was similar before and after sacubitril-valsartan. Sacubitril-valsartan significantly decreased NSVT episodes (5.4 ± 0.5 vs 15 ± 1.7 in angiotensin inhibition; P <.002), sustained ventricular tachycardia, and appropriate ICD shocks (0.8% vs 6.7% in angiotensin inhibition; P <.02). PVCs per hour decreased after sacubitril-valsartan (33 ± 12 vs 78 ± 15 in angiotensin inhibition; P <.0003) and was associated with increased biventricular pacing percentage (from 95% ± 6% to 98.8% ± 1.3%; P <.02).
Conclusion: Angiotensin-neprilysin inhibition decreased ventricular arrhythmias and appropriate ICD shocks in rEFHF patients under home monitoring compared to angiotensin inhibition.
Keywords: Arrhythmia; Heart failure; Implantable cardioverter–defibrillator; Remote monitoring; Resynchronization; Sacubitril-valsartan.
Copyright © 2017 Heart Rhythm Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.