Preparation and functional evaluation of collagen oligopeptide-rich hydrolysate from fish skin with the serine collagenolytic protease from Pseudoalteromonas sp. SM9913

Sci Rep. 2017 Nov 16;7(1):15716. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-15971-9.

Abstract

Although several serine collagenolytic proteases from bacteria were reported, none has been used to prepare bioactive collagen peptides. MCP-01 is the most abundant extracellular protease of deep-sea Pseudoalteromonas sp. SM9913 and is a serine collagenolytic protease with high efficiency on fish collagen hydrolysis. Here, we set up a pilot scale process to ferment SM9913 for extracellular protease production. With SM9913 extracellular protease as a tool, a process to prepare collagen oligopeptide-rich hydrolysate from codfish skin was set up, which was further scaled up to pilot (100 L) and plant (2000 L) levels with yields >66%. The hydrolysates from laboratory-, pilot- and plant-scales had quite similar quality, containing ~95% peptides with molecular weights lower than 3000 Da and approximately 60% lower than 1000 Da, in which collagen oilgopeptides account for approximately 95%. Bioactivity analyses showed that the hydrolysate had moisture-retention ability, antioxidant activity, and promoting effect on cell viability of human dermal fibroblasts. Safety evaluation showed that the hydrolysate was nontoxic and nonirritating to skin. Therefore, SM9913 extracellular protease is a good enzyme to prepare bioactive oligopeptides from fish skin. The results also suggest that the collagen oligopeptides-rich hydrolysate may have potentials in biomedical, functional food, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acids / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Antioxidants / metabolism
  • Cell Survival
  • Collagen / metabolism*
  • Dermis / cytology
  • Female
  • Fermentation
  • Fibroblasts / cytology
  • Fishes / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Humidity
  • Hydrolysis
  • Mice
  • Oligopeptides / metabolism*
  • Pilot Projects
  • Protein Hydrolysates / metabolism*
  • Pseudoalteromonas / enzymology*
  • Serine Proteases / metabolism*
  • Skin / metabolism*
  • Temperature
  • Time Factors

Substances

  • Amino Acids
  • Antioxidants
  • Oligopeptides
  • Protein Hydrolysates
  • Collagen
  • Serine Proteases