Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
. 2018 Jan;102(2):817-831.
doi: 10.1007/s00253-017-8618-5. Epub 2017 Nov 18.

Fluorescent Pseudomonads Pursue Media-Dependent Strategies to Inhibit Growth of Pathogenic Verticillium Fungi


Fluorescent Pseudomonads Pursue Media-Dependent Strategies to Inhibit Growth of Pathogenic Verticillium Fungi

Kai Nesemann et al. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. .


Verticillium species represent economically important phytopathogenic fungi with bacteria as natural rhizosphere antagonists. Growth inhibition patterns of Verticillium in different media were compared to saprophytic Aspergillus strains and were significantly more pronounced in various co-cultivations with different Pseudomonas strains. The Brassica napus rhizosphere bacterium Pseudomonas fluorescens DSM8569 is able to inhibit growth of rapeseed (Verticillium longisporum) or tomato (Verticillium dahliae) pathogens without the potential for phenazine or 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol (DAPG) mycotoxin biosynthesis. Bacterial inhibition of Verticillium growth remained even after the removal of pseudomonads from co-cultures. Fungal growth response in the presence of the bacterium is independent of the fungal control genes of secondary metabolism LAE1 and CSN5. The phenazine producer P. fluorescens 2-79 (P_phen) inhibits Verticillium growth especially on high glucose solid agar surfaces. Additional phenazine-independent mechanisms in the same strain are able to reduce fungal surface growth in the presence of pectin and amino acids. The DAPG-producing Pseudomonas protegens CHA0 (P_DAPG), which can also produce hydrogen cyanide or pyoluteorin, has an additional inhibitory potential on fungal growth, which is independent of these antifungal compounds, but which requires the bacterial GacA/GacS control system. This translational two-component system is present in many Gram-negative bacteria and coordinates the production of multiple secondary metabolites. Our data suggest that pseudomonads pursue different media-dependent strategies that inhibit fungal growth. Metabolites such as phenazines are able to completely inhibit fungal surface growth in the presence of glucose, whereas GacA/GacS controlled inhibitors provide the same fungal growth effect on pectin/amino acid agar.

Keywords: 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol; Phenazines; Pseudomonas; Verticillium; gacA/gacS-two component system.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

MeSH terms

LinkOut - more resources