Adolescent pregnancy: Maternal and fetal outcomes in patients with and without preeclampsia

Pregnancy Hypertens. 2017 Oct;10:96-100. doi: 10.1016/j.preghy.2017.06.009. Epub 2017 Jun 30.


Objective: To determine the prevalence of preeclampsia (PE) in adolescents and to evaluate its association with risk factors for, and the occurrence of, adverse maternal and fetal outcomes.

Results: Of 3006 deliveries, 533 (17.7%) were from teenage mothers, with twenty-eight (5.3%) presenting PE; 17.8% of these cases were classed as severe. Vitamin and mineral supplementation was associated with the occurrence of PE (p=0.034). Puerperal complications and prematurity were more frequent in the PE group.

Conclusions: Prevalence of PE among adolescents was similar to the literature data and was associated with high rates of preterm birth and puerperal complications.

Keywords: Adolescent; Maternal outcomes; Neonatal outcomes; Preeclampsia; Pregnancy.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Brazil / epidemiology
  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Pre-Eclampsia / epidemiology*
  • Pre-Eclampsia / etiology
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Outcome
  • Pregnancy in Adolescence
  • Prenatal Care
  • Risk Factors