Multiprotein complexes governing Wnt signal transduction

Curr Opin Cell Biol. 2018 Apr;51:42-49. doi: 10.1016/j.ceb.2017.10.008. Epub 2017 Nov 15.

Abstract

Three multiprotein complexes have key roles in transducing Wnt signals from the plasma membrane to the cell nucleus - the β-catenin destruction complex, or Axin degradasome, which targets the Wnt effector β-catenin for proteasomal degradation in the absence of Wnt; the Wnt signalosome, assembled by polymerization of Dishevelled upon Wnt engaging its receptors, to inactivate the Axin degradasome, which allows β-catenin to accumulate; and the Wnt enhanceosome which enables β-catenin to gain access to target genes, to relieve their transcriptional repression by Groucho/TLE. This review focuses on recent advances that have highlighted mechanistic principles governing the assembly and function of these complexes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Humans
  • Multiprotein Complexes / metabolism*
  • Wnt Signaling Pathway / physiology*

Substances

  • Multiprotein Complexes