Community pharmacist collaboration with a patient-centered medical home: Establishment of a patient-centered medical neighborhood and payment model

J Am Pharm Assoc (2003). Jan-Feb 2018;58(1):44-50. doi: 10.1016/j.japh.2017.10.006. Epub 2017 Nov 15.

Abstract

Objectives: To determine the feasibility of a partnership between a community pharmacy and a patient-centered medical home (PCMH) by measuring the impact on office- and patient-level clinical outcomes.

Setting: Kroger Pharmacy and a PCMH practice in Cincinnati, OH.

Practice description: The Kroger Co. is a large grocery store chain that operates 102 pharmacies in the Cincinnati-Dayton marketing area. The PCMH practice is an accredited PCMH office serving more than 9000 patients in the Cincinnati area.

Practice innovation: In a medical neighborhood, a PCMH coordinates care with other local specialty practices or partners. A partnership between the community pharmacy chain and the PCMH was established to create a medical neighborhood. The pharmacist spent 2 half-days per week at the PCMH. The pharmacist provided initial medication therapy management appointments in the PCMH and offered follow-up services in the office, the pharmacy, or both, depending on patient preference. The pharmacy received a capitated payment per patient per month for a predetermined number of 1000 high-risk patients.

Main outcome measures: Office-level changes in clinical outcomes such as A1C, blood pressure, and lipid measures were collected and compared with those of a similar control office. In addition, patient-level outcomes such as change in A1C, blood pressure, lipids, and weight were measured.

Results: One hundred five patients were seen by the pharmacist during the study period, with 1.5% of the total managed at the office. There was a statistically significant increase in influenza vaccinations received. On a patient level, A1C and systolic blood pressure significantly improved.

Conclusion: This project represents an exciting opportunity for community pharmacists to expand their scope of services through direct partnership with PCMHs and maintain a sustainable reimbursement structure.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cooperative Behavior
  • Humans
  • Medication Therapy Management / organization & administration
  • Patient Care Team / organization & administration*
  • Patient-Centered Care / organization & administration*
  • Pharmacies / organization & administration
  • Pharmacists / organization & administration*
  • Professional Role / psychology