A Review of the Prevention and Medical Management of Childhood Obesity

Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. 2018 Jan;27(1):63-76. doi: 10.1016/j.chc.2017.08.003. Epub 2017 Oct 21.


Prevention and management of childhood obesity remains a public health priority and necessitates an integrated chronic care approach. Obesity prevention efforts should focus on healthy family-based lifestyle modifications. The United States Prevention Services Task Force recommends children older than age 6 of years be screened for obesity and, if clinically indicated, be referred for moderate to high intensity comprehensive behavioral interventions. Childhood obesity and its comorbidities affect most medical specialties. A shared understanding of prevention strategies, lifestyle recommendations, screening guidelines for comorbidities, and stages of treatment will allow for more integrated and collaborative care.

Keywords: Behavioral interventions; Cardiometabolic risks; Childhood obesity; Metformin; Motivational interviewing; Prevention plus.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Behavior Therapy*
  • Child
  • Exercise
  • Humans
  • Nutrition Policy*
  • Pediatric Obesity / diagnosis
  • Pediatric Obesity / epidemiology
  • Pediatric Obesity / prevention & control*
  • Pediatric Obesity / therapy*
  • United States