Treatment of polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy, and skin changes (POEMS) syndrome should be directed at the underlying plasma cell clone with risk-adapted therapy based on the extent of the plasma cell disorder. Radiation therapy is effective for patients with a localized presentation, without bone marrow involvement, and 1 to 3 bone lesions. Patients with disseminated disease should receive, preferably, high-dose chemotherapy with peripheral blood transplantation. Low-dose melphalan and dexamethasone or new agents used in myeloma are also effective. The most promising agent is lenalidomide, which could be given before high-dose therapy or radiation to get rapid neurologic responses.
Keywords: Autologous stem cell transplantation; Bortezomib; Lenalidomide; POEMS syndrome; Thalidomide; VEGF.
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