Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: A SIMPLE substudy

Heart Rhythm. 2018 Mar;15(3):386-392. doi: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2017.11.020. Epub 2017 Nov 20.


Background: Patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) are considered to be at high risk for elevated defibrillation thresholds, periprocedural complications, and failed appropriate shocks.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the value of defibrillation testing (DT) in HCM patients undergoing implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) insertion.

Methods: Defibrillation thresholds, perioperative complications, and long-term outcomes were compared between patients with HCM and those with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) or dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) enrolled in the SIMPLE (Shockless IMPLant Evaluation) trial ( Identifier: NCT00800384). In patients with HCM, outcomes were also compared between those randomized to DT vs no DT.

Results: Adequate defibrillation safety margin without system change was achieved in 46 of 52 (88.5%) HCM and 948 of 1047 (90.5%) ICM/DCM patients (P = .63). Perioperative complications occurred in 1 of 52 (1.9%) HCM patients with DT compared to 67 of 1047 (6.4%) ICM/DCM patients with DT (P = .37) or 3 of 42 (7.1%) HCM patients without DT (P = .32). During follow-up, there was no significant difference between HCM vs ICM/DCM patients in terms of all-cause mortality (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 1.02, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.45-2.34), composite of arrhythmic death or failed appropriate shock (adjusted HR 0.33, 95% CI 0.04-2.42), inappropriate shocks (adjusted HR 1.64, 95% CI 0.69-3.89), or system complications (adjusted HR 1.93, 95% CI 0.88-4.27). All-cause mortality (HR 0.26, 95% CI 0.03-2.20), appropriate (HR 0.24, 95% CI 0.03-2.05), and inappropriate shocks (HR 2.13, 95% CI 0.51-8.94) were similar in HCM patients without or those with DT.

Conclusion: We did not find any difference in intraoperative defibrillation efficacy, perioperative complications, and long-term outcomes between patients with HCM and those with ICM/DCM. DT did not improve intraoperative or clinical shock efficacy in HCM patients.

Keywords: Defibrillation testing; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Implantable cardioverter–defibrillator.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic / mortality
  • Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic / physiopathology
  • Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic / therapy*
  • Death, Sudden, Cardiac / epidemiology
  • Death, Sudden, Cardiac / prevention & control*
  • Defibrillators, Implantable*
  • Electrocardiography
  • Female
  • Global Health
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prognosis
  • Single-Blind Method
  • Survival Rate / trends
  • Treatment Outcome

Associated data