Changes of lumbar posture and tissue loading during static trunk bending

Hum Mov Sci. 2018 Feb;57:59-68. doi: 10.1016/j.humov.2017.11.006. Epub 2017 Nov 21.


Static trunk bending is an occupational risk factor for lower back pain (LBP). When assessing relative short duration trunk bending tasks, existing studies mostly assumed unchanged spine biomechanical responses during task performance. The purpose of the current study was to assess the biomechanical changes of lumbar spine during the performance of relatively short duration, sustained trunk bending tasks. Fifteen participants performed 40-s static trunk bending tasks in two different trunk angles (30° or 60°) with two different hand load levels (0 or 6.8 kg). Results of the current study revealed significantly increased lumbar flexion and lumbar passive moment during the 40 s of trunk bending. Significantly reduced lumbar and abdominal muscle activities were also observed in most conditions. These findings suggest that, during the performance of short duration, static trunk bending tasks, a shift of loading from lumbar active tissues to passive tissues occurs naturally. This mechanism is beneficial in reducing the accumulation of lumbar muscle fatigue; however, lumbar passive tissue creep could be introduced due to prolonged or repetitive exposure.

Keywords: Creep; Fatigue; Lumbar flexion; Static trunk bending.

MeSH terms

  • Abdominal Muscles / physiology
  • Adult
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Body Size
  • Body Weight
  • Electromyography
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Low Back Pain
  • Lumbar Vertebrae / physiology
  • Lumbosacral Region / physiology*
  • Male
  • Muscle Contraction / physiology*
  • Muscle Fatigue / physiology
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
  • Posture / physiology
  • Range of Motion, Articular / physiology
  • Torso / physiology
  • Young Adult